When the first emerging orange flowers are seen, the stems should be pulled. Stems can also be harvested in the tight bud stage before the first flowers emerge. At this stage the inflorescence is swollen, and there is a slight orange crack on the upper surface. The inflorescence is mature at the tight bud stage,
and is at the optimum stage for harvest in regard to ease of handling and flower longevity. Flower stems are generally pulled off rather than cut. A side to side pulling motion is often necessary to loosen the stem at the base of the plant, although the inflorescences can break off if jerked too vigorously.
After cutting, place flower stems in a solution of HydraFlor® 100 hydrating treatment for 1 hour (or up to overnight at 55 - 60˚ F).
If flowers are to stay in cooler for more than 24 hours, transfer stems to a solution of one of the Floralife® 200 storage and treatment products. Please contact Floralife for specifics.
Avoid: Stems with the appearance of brown lesions on the flowers and bracts, stems that are black or slimy in lower portion.
Look for: The use of waxed paper bags on each inflorescence and the paper wrapper on each bunch. This will give ample protection from handling injury and desiccation.
Unpack immediately. Recut stems.
Pretreatment 100 Solutions:
Place stems in one of Floralife’s hydration products to promote solution uptake and hydration. This treatment will help decrease flower wilting and also helps keep flower stems free flowing.
There are two Floralife® hydration products to consider:
1. HydraFlor® 100 is a hydrating treatment for all flower types to rehydrate and condition flowers after a period of dry transport for increased quality and enhanced flower life. Hydrate flowers 1 - 2 hours at room temperature or overnight in a tropical cooler between 55 - 60˚ F.
2. Floralife® Quick Dip 100 is a ready-to-use version of a hydration solution that requires no mixing or measuring. This quick one-second dip might be more suitable to retail flower shops. Using one of Floralife®’s hydration pretreatments can help prevent dehydration of bird-of-paradise flowers.
Storage and Transport 200 Solution:
For flowers that will be stored in a cooler use Floralife® 200 or Floralife® Clear 200, or Floralife® Clear ULTRA 200 storage treatment solutions. Place flower stems in a clean bucket of solution and keep them treated during transport or storage until it is time to prepare them for consumer sales. Add additional solution as needed. Change out bucket solution at least once per week and use clean buckets prior to filling with new solution. Keep in cooler at 55 - 60˚ F.
Vase Solution 300:
This step in flower food treatment is part of the last stage of the postharvest care and handling prior to the end consumer’s
purchase. Floralife’s vase flower foods encourage the flower to properly start opening, showing vibrant colors. These vase solutions will work with in all OASIS® floral foam designs and vase arrangements. The vase solutions hydrate and nourish the flowers for maximum enjoyment.
Recut flower stems with a clean, sharp knife or cutting tool, taking off 1 inch. Place flower stems in a clean bucket of Floralife Crystal Clear® solution for store floral displays, into vases with Floralife Crystal Clear® for floral displays or vase arrangements, and in OASIS® floral foam that has been soaked in Floralife Crystal Clear® flower food solution for foam arrangements. Keep all flowers in the tropical cooler (55 - 60˚ F) until time for arranging and/or displaying. Add additional solution as needed.
Ethylene Sensitivity: Low ethylene sensitivity.
Vase Life: 7 to 14 days.
Storage: 55 - 60˚ F cooler / 75 - 85% humidity.