Carnation

"fascination", "distinction", "love", "admiration" and "gratitude"

Known as Dianthus or clove gilly-flowers

Family

Caryophyllaceae

Species

Dianthus caryophyllus

Colors

red, yellow, white, purple, and even green

Origin

Greece

Grower Recommendations

Carnations and miniature carnations are ethylene sensitive. They benefit from an anti-ethylene treatment such as EthylBloc Technology. To protect flowers from ethylene damage, treat them as soon as possible after harvest. After cutting, place carnation stems in a solution of HydraFlor® 100 for 1 hr. (or up to overnight at 34 - 38˚ F). Transfer stems to a solution of one of the 200 storage and transport treatment products. Please contact Floralife for specifics.

Wholesaler/Retailer Recommendations

Buying Tips:

Ask: Has product been pretreated with an anti-ethylene product, such as EthylBloc or Ethyl Guard? What is the source of the product? What is the cultivar name? Has the product been stored dry or wet?

Processing:

Remove foliage below water level. Recut stems.

Pretreatment:

If the carnations or mini-carnations have not been treated with an anti-ethylene product, treat them with a commercial anti-ethylene product such as EthylBloc as soon as possible. Or if carnations have been treated with an anti-ethylene product, use one of Floralife’s Flower Food 300 products (see Holding Solution) to promote water uptake and hydration. This treatment will help increase bud opening and decrease flower wilting. It also keeps flower stems free flowing.

Holding Solution:

Use fresh flower food at the recommended rate: Use Flower Food 300, 200, Clear 200, or Clear ULTRA 200 storage and transport treatments, or depending on water test results, Special Blend 300 for Hard Water or for Pure Water.

To have water tested, send a plastic quart bottle of your water to:

Floralife  |  751 Thunderbolt Drive  |  Walterboro, SC 29488  |  Attn: Laboratory.

Hold flowers at room temperature for 1 - 2 hours (2 - 4 hours if flowers are limp or exhibiting bent neck) prior to storage in cooler or designing. As a finishing touch to any floral design, spray Finishing Touch hydration and protection spray over entire project.

Storage:

Place Carnations in a 45 - 55˚ F cooler with 80 - 90% humidity.

 

Cleaning:

Use D.C.D.® Cleaner Solution to clean buckets, vases, coolers, etc. D.C.D.® is specifically formulated to kill microbes over an extended period.

Customer Satisfaction:

Always give a packet of a Floralife Flower Food with your designs. One liter packets treat one quart of water.

Troubleshooting:

Problem Reason/Solution
Early sleepiness Most likely due to exposure to ethylene and / or high temperatures during shipping and / or storage. This may also indicate improper or no anti-ethylene treatment. Find out if the flowers have been treated with an anti-ethylene product and / or look into purchasing cultivars which are less ethylene sensitive.
Split Calyx Likely due to production conditions and age of product.
Buds fail to open Product may have been stored too long or improperly kept out of solution for an extended period, or exposed to ethylene. Make sureanti-ethylene pretreatment is used; check on storage conditions; make sure one of Floralife’s Flower Foods is used.
Do not know if flowers were anti-ethylene treated and / or treated properly Use the “Apple Test”* to check for proper antiethylene treatment.

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